MOST POPULAR ITALIAN WHITE WINES
From the Italian white grapes,a pleasant and fragrant golden “Bacco’s nectar” is produced, in which aromas of fruits and flowers are combined to generate unique notes.
The ancient Greeks already called Italy “Enotria” which means the land of wine, emphasising its strong vocation for viticulture. Nowadays, Italian wines are renowned worldwide for their unique taste and for the exceptional quality.
The production of wine is a relatively simple process; the production of a good wine is quite difficult; the production of a good and high quality wines is very difficult.
In general, the production of wine is essentially the result of a series of natural events that begins with the fermentation, a chemical process in which the sugars contained in the grape’s must is transformed thanks to the effects of the yeast, alcohol and carbon dioxide. If the environmental and climatic conditions are sufficiently favourable, supported also by a discreet contribution of human labour, the process naturally leads to wine production. While nature plays a fundamental role in the supply of the raw material – grape – it is actually the intervention of other essential factors – including human intervention – which will lead to the production of higher quality wines.
The overall quality of the wines placed on the market has increased in the last 20 years and consumers have become more demanding thanks to a greater and more conscious wine culture. Thesefactors force the producers to pay greater attention and greater rigor in the oenological practices where human intervention contributes to improving the quality of the final product.In recent years, the standards of wine tasters have been growing steadily and a larger number of consumers started to appreciate the taste of Italian quality wines.
Which are the main types of white wines in Italy?
Still white wine
With this term is meant any wine that is not sparkling hence which has no effervescencewhich obtained through the use of particular grapes with a certain acidity or to the sparklingprocesses. The white wine is obtained according to traditional fermentations, through a light and fast pressing of the grapes which extracts the juice but not the pigments.
Sparkling white wine
This kind of wine is subjected to natural or artificial sparkling processes. Natural sparkling wine is obtained by interrupting the fermentation of the must when only a part of the sugar is already converted into alcohol, and then let the fermentation process continue in the bottled wine. The carbon dioxide that remains in the bottle can only be released once it is sealed off.
Sweet white wine
There is a wide variety of sweet white wines, from the slightly sweet to the ones characterised by a more syrupy texture. The processing of sweet white wines is expected to halt the fermentation prematurely so as to prevent the sugar present in the grape from becoming alcohol, but today there are different sugar concentration techniques.
Dry white wine
Among the different types, dry white wine is the most common, aromatic and acidic. The meaning of dry white wine is related to the fact that it is almost devoid of sugars, as they are entirely processed into alcohol. In the list of Italian dry white wines there arewines fromalmost every Italian region, from Veneto to Abruzzo, from Piedmont to Molise.
Let’s then see which are the Top 5 Most Popular Italian White Wines!
Most popular italian white wines: Pinot Grigio Veneto IGT, Villa Sandi
White Wine, Veneto – 6 Bottle Case – 750 ml Bottle
For shopping Pinot Grigio Veneto IGT, Villa Sandi in the UK go to The Italian Community Shop.
The colour of the Pinto Grigio is avery bright straw-coloured yellow. Its bouquet is characterised by fruity and floral notes which resemble the summer countryside during the hay season. The Pinot Grigio taste is mostly dry, round and sapid, well-structured, with fruity and warm notes. It is characterised by a fresh scent of citrus fruit with touches which recall the taste of nuts.The most common features of this wine’s style are “light”, “crisp” and “dry”. These characteristics are complemented by aroma notes such as lemon, green apple and blossoms.
The Grigio style is achieved by harvesting the grapes relatively early, in an attempt to maintain as much fresh acidity as possible taking in consideration that the variety of the grape is naturally quite low in acidity. To retain the freshness,the fermentation and storage processes typically take place in stainless-steel tanks. If barrels were used, this would add palate weight and sweet vanilla-like aromas, which would detract significantly from the clean, simple style.
Pinot Grigio wines are almost always intended for consumption within a year or two of harvest, so extended cellaring is neither required nor advisable.
The world epicenter of Pinot Grigio productionis the northeastern regions of Italy whichexport vast quantities of the wine each year.
The refreshing Pinot Grigio style has enjoyed great success in various countries, most recently the United Statesand Australia.
The old family-run Villa Sandi, renowned at an international level, operates within a micro-zonewhich enjoysthe perfect blend of a mild microclimate and a fertile land.
It matches perfectly with Mediterranean main courses, roasted fish and cherry tomatoes or with fresh and creamy cheeses.
Most popular italian white wines: Soave, Trambusti Vitis Nostra
White Wine, Veneto – 6 Bottle Case
For Shopping Soave, Trambusti Vitis Nostra in the UK go to The Italian Community shop.
The Soave Blend derives from the combination of Garganega and Trebbiano di Soave which create the Soave DOC wines, arguably one of Italy’s most famous white wines.
This white wine is characterised by crispy and fruity notes.The main areas of production are gathered mostly around the Venetian hills near Verona.
Garganega grape variety represents the bulk of all Soave wines. In the dry whites it provides structure, with its steely mineral character and fruit components of citrus, peach and apricot. The laws regulating the production of Soave DOC stipulate that at least 70 percent of the blend must be Garganega while the Trebbiano di Soave makes up the remaining 30 percent of the Soave blend, adding perfume to the wines. This latter variety is mainly produced in the Marche region, where it is used forboth light table wines to more complex, age-worthy ones. It should be noted, however, that the laws which regulates the production of the Soave Superiore DOCG prohibit the inclusion of Trebbiano Toscano, due to its reputation for increasing quantity but diminishing quality.Wines made using the Soave blend range significantly in both style and quality.
Cool-fermented in temperature-controlled stainless steel tanks, the grapes are harvested from the Classico sub-region. The soave taste is mostly dry with a soft acidity and a rounded pear, melon and almond notes. The Trambusti Vitis Nostra Soave is above average in popularity for Soave wines.
Most popular italian white wines: Trebbiano Puglia, Rocca Estate
White Wine, Puglia – 750 ml Bottle
For shopping Trebbiano Puglia, Rocca Estate in the UK go to The Italian Community shop.
Trebbiano is a white wine grape originally from Italy, where it is used for the production of a large quantities of simple but refreshing white wines. The variety has spread northwards from the Italian peninsula into various parts of Europe, most notably France, where it has become the quintessential ingredient in both Cognac and Armagnac.
The Trebbiano Toscano most common use is as a blending component, although a handful of DOCs specifically cover single-variety Trebbiano wines.
Rocca’s Trebbiano has a wonderful straw-yellow colour followed by delicate and fruity aromas, with ripe citrus flavours and a dry refreshing finish. It is characterised by a delicate and fruity scent and a dry, savory and fresh flavor.
Angelo Rocca’s Trebbiano is a great example of the Trebbiano variety with floral notes and almond aromas following through to a dry, soft-edged palate with well balanced acidity.
Recommended to enjoy well-chilled with a pasta dish, salads, creamy cheese or simply on its own as aperitif.
Most popular italian white wines: Falanghina IGT, Vinicola Sannino
White Wine, Campania – 750ml Bottle
For Shopping Falanghina IGT, Vinicola Sannino in the UK go to The Italian Community shop.
FalMount Vesuviusanghina IGT is a white wine characterised by a light straw-yellow color, anaromatic scent and an aggressive but pleasant intensity. Its taste recall notes of green apple, unripe pineapple and bergamot. The dry, well-structured taste and the pleasant, harmonious and fine scent make it a very balanced and versatile wine.The grape used is a hundred percent Falanghina cultivated on a clayey-calcareous soil with a retreading system. Thegrape harvest happens inthe first ten days of October while the vinification process is carried out with soft pressing and a controlled temperature fermentation.
Falanghina is an ancient Italian white wine grape of Greek origin.Most of the Falanghina variety is grown in Campania, in the southern Italy. The vines thrive in the porous volcanic soils around and the warm Mediterranean climate. The berries are yellow skinned and coated with a thin layer of protective wax. The Falanghina wine can have a slight pine scent, but is better known for its citrus-blossom aromas, in particular bitter orange. On the palate it typically shows classic apple and pear flavors, depending on where it is grown, with spicy or mineral notes.
Falanghina is often blended with other Italian grapes varieties, or produced as a sweet passito wine, and with time a larger number of varietal expressions of this interesting grape are becoming more popular.
There are at least two sub-varieties of Falanghina (Falanghina Flegrea and Falanghina Beneventana). The best-known production zones are located just north of Naples.
The serving temperature is recommended at 10 ° C, while the best food combinations are fish and seafood dishes.
Most popular italian white wines: Piemonte Grande Passolo Chardonnay, Rocca Estate
White Wine, Piedmont – 750ml Bottle
For shopping Piemonte Grande Passolo Chardonnay, Rocca Estate in the UK go to The Italian Community shop.
This unique wine is characterised by a crystalline straw-yellow color. The scent recalls delicate aromas of exotic fruit and flowers. The taste is dominated by fresh, acidic and harmonious notes.
The Chardonnay is arguably the world’s most famous white-wine grape and also one of the most widely planted. Many Chardonnay wines have high aromatic complexity, usually due to winemaking techniques (particularly the use of oak) rather than the variety’s intrinsic qualities. The fermentation in oak barrels contributes to confer notes of vanilla, smoke and hints of sweet spices such as clove and cinnamon.
The variety itself is mostly responsible for the fruity flavors found in Chardonnay wines. These range from stone fruits to the more tropical onesand to citrus and apples.Climate plays a major role in dictating which fruit flavors a Chardonnay will have. Mineral descriptors such as chalk and wet stones also contribute to the Chardonnay tasting notes. These are sometimes attributed to the soils of the vineyard, although the relationship between soil and wine flavor has become widely exaggerated.
The Chardonnay is used to produce an impressively diverse range of wine styles. The variety is put to use in sparkling wines all over the world, most famously for theChampagne, when it is usually paired with Pinot Noir.
The Chardonnay variety grows in a broad spectrum of climates and can be made into wine of acceptable quality with relative ease. In very warm climates, Chardonnay grapes tend to lose their natural acidity, resulting in flat, overblown wines. This can be partially corrected with a simple addition of acid, or by harvesting early and compensating for lack of flavor by using oak and malolactic fermentation.
The Chardonnay is perfect to combine with a fish-based aperitif, white meats, mixed salads and fresh cheeses.
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